Environmentalists have warned that if the natural environment continues to be destroyed, more outbreaks like Corona (COVID-19) will strike the world. Since the end of last year, more than 180 countries around the world have been affected by the outbreak of the coronavirus, originated first in Wuhan, China, and the number of people affected by the outbreak has now reached 2.5 million worldwide and the fatalities have exceeded 15000.
In this regard, environmentalists have warned that there is a fear of more such outbreaks in future for which besides maintaining the health infrastructure, the world has to work for the deterioration of natural environment and biodiversity.
Well-known American environmentalist and author David Cowman said that when we cut forests, it affects the entire ecosystem. According to Coyman, there are many types of insects, animals, and plants in the forests, also a source of different types of viruses. When we take away the habitat from animals and insects, they look for a new place for their survival and enter the human population.
Similarly, when timber is brought from forests and sold in the city, many insects and virus also transmit to the human population and after the death of insects, they find a new place and in human bodies. Thus the experts urged that it is important to keep the environment clean and maintain the natural biodiversity if we want the keep the world safe from catastrophic diseases outbreaks.
The World Health Organization reports that an animal is the likely source of the 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19), which has infected tens of thousands of people worldwide and placed a strain on the global economy. Symptoms of the coronavirus include breathing problems, fever, cough and other respiratory diseases, according to the WHO. Severe nature of the virus attack can cause kidney failure, pneumonia and even death.
Before the COVID-19 pandemic, the world was hit hard by SARS, which had spread in China in 2003, had higher mortality rates in areas where pollution was high. According to World Health Organization (WHO), coronavirus is part of a family of multiple viruses that cause from the common cold to more serious illnesses, such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
Due to the continues destruction of natural habitats by human activity, the transfer of diseases from animals to human has also increased. For example, with reference to SARS, it is said that this is a particular breed of cats which transmitted to humans while it is said of MERS was transmitted to a human from a camel of a certain race.
Doreen Robinson, Chief of Wildlife at the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has said that humans and nature are part of one connected system, and nature provides the food, medicine, water, clean air and many other benefits that have allowed people to thrive, therefore, there is an urgent need to protect natural environment and biodiversity to protect the outbreaks of the world contagious disease.